You've no doubt heard the old business cliche "cash is king." And it's true: A company in a strong cash position stands a much better chance of securing financing, attracting investors, and executing on its own strategic plans.
One way to ensure there is always a king in your castle, so to speak, is to maintain a cash reserve. Granted, setting aside a substantial amount of dollars isn't the easiest thing to do - particularly for startups and small companies. But once your reserve is in place, life can get a lot easier.
Now you may wonder how much you should aim to keep in your reserve. The "right" answer varies from business to business and may even change over time, subject to fluctuations in the economy or degree of competitiveness in your industry. If you've already obtained financing, your bank's liquidity covenants can provide a benchmark for a reasonable expectation for your company's cash reserve.
To take it a step further, you can calculate various liquidity metrics and compare them to industry standards. These might include:
- Working Capital = Current Assets - Current Liabilities
- Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities
- Accounts Payable Turnover = Costs of Goods Sold/Accounts Payable
There may be other, more complex metrics applicable to your company, depending on the size and nature of your business.
Believe it or not, many companies don't suffer from a lack of cash reserves but rather a surplus. This often occurs because a business owner decides to start hoarding cash following a dip in the local or national economy. What's the problem? Substantial increases in liquidity - or metrics well above industry norms - can signal an inefficient deployment of capital. To keep your cash reserve from getting too high, create financial forecasts for the next 12 to 18 months.
For example, a monthly projected balance sheet might estimate seasonal ebbs and flows in the cash cycle. Or a projection of the worse-case scenario might be used to establish your optimal cash balance. Projections should consider future cash flows, capital expenditures, debt maturities, and working capital requirements. Formal financial forecasts provide a coherent method to building up cash reserves, which is infinitely better than relying on rough estimates or gut instinct. Be sure to compare actual performance to your projections regularly and adjust as necessary.
More isn't always better
Just as individuals should set aside some money for a rainy day, so should businesses. But, when it comes to your company's cash reserves, the notion that "more is better" isn't necessarily correct. You've got to find the right balance. Give our Business Advisory experts a call to discuss your reserve and identify your ideal liquidity metrics.